Turquoise December Birthstone
The gemstone that marks the end of the year and is the birthstone for December is Turquoise. Turquoise is believed to bring happiness and good luck to the wearer and it signifies success.
Turquoise is among the oldest known gemstones and its popularity has crossed the globe for centuries. It graced the necks of Egyptian Pharaohs and adorned the ceremonial dress of Native Americans. This beautiful robin’s egg blue gemstone has been attributed with healing powers, promoting the wearer’s status and wealth, protecting from evil and bringing good luck. Turquoise is considered to be a symbol of good fortune and success, believed to bring prosperity to its wearer.
Turquoise is an opaque, light to dark blue or blue-green gemstone with its finest colour being an intense blue. A sky blue shade in Turquoise is due to the presence of copper, while iron gives it a greener tone. Turquoise may contain narrow veins of other materials either isolated or as a network. They are usually black or brown. Turquoise is a relatively soft gemstone and can be easily scratched and broken.
This gemstone can be found in Armenia, Kazakhstan, China, Australia, Tibet, Mexico, Brazil, the United States and Egypt. In Iran, where some of the best stones are found, Turquoise is the national gem.
Its name is believed to originate from the French phrase “pierre Turquoise” meaning “Turkish stone” because Turquoise was brought to Europe by Venetian merchants who first acquired it in Turkish bazaars.
Turquoise is one of the earliest known stones to be used in jewellery. Pharaohs of Early Egypt wore them. Beads dating back to 5000 B.C. have been found in Mesopotamia (now Iraq). In Iran, Turquoise was the national gemstone, adorning thrones, bowls, cups and ornamental objects. During the Middle Ages, the gemstone was popularly used as decoration of vessels and covers for manuscripts. It was again popular as jewellery during the Renaissance. It has also been found in ancient burial sites in Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Peru, Mexico and Central America. The Incas crafted beads and figurines out of it and the Aztecs made pendants and ritual masks. Native Americans have been using this gemstone to create magnificent jewellery and ornamental pieces for the past several thousand years. The blue in Turquoise symbolized the Heavens and green symbolized the Earth. The stones were used by medicine men to work charms.
Turquoise is a purification stone. It dispels negative energy and can be worn to protect against outside influences or pollutants in the atmosphere. Turquoise balances and aligns all the chakras, stabilising mood swings and creates inner calm. It is excellent for depression and exhaustion, it also has the power to prevent panic attacks. Turquoise promotes self-realisation and assists creative problem solving. It is a symbol of friendship and stimulates romantic love.
Almost all Turquoise sold today is covered in either wax or a sealant to protect the stone. Turquoise is softer than most stones and must be protected so that it can be worn on a daily basis. Usually wax nor clear resin will not reduce the value, however if the Turquoise is dipped into a colour solution or made from reconstituted Turquoise (Turquoise dust), the value will be reduced greatly.