Sapphire – September Birthstone
Sapphire September birthstone, has been popular since the Middle Ages and according to folklore, will protect your loved ones from envy and harm.
Sapphire is a variety of the mineral corundum and occurs in all colours of the rainbow. Red corundum is called the Ruby, while all other forms of corundum are called Sapphires. These different colours are caused by different kinds of impurities within the crystal. Typically, Sapphires appear as blue stones, ranging from very pale blue to deep indigo while the most valued shade of blue is the medium-deep cornflower blue. Sri Lanka and Madagascar are the leading sources of Sapphire, both in quality and quantity. Sapphire is the hardest substance after diamond and often used in industries as an abrasive, components for watch crystals and movement bearings, scientific instruments and high-durability windows.
The word Sapphire has its roots in several ancient languages: the Arabic safir, the Latin sapphirus (meaning blue) and the Greek word sappheiros for the island of Sappherine in the Arabian Sea where Sapphires were found in ancient Grecian times. It was the gem of Apollo, Greek God of prophesy and was worn by worshipers visiting his shrine in Delphi to seek his help. It was used by ancient Etruscans as far back as the 7th century B.C. The Sapphire was said to represent the purity of the soul. Before and during the Middle Ages, it was worn by priests as protection from impure thoughts and temptations of the flesh. Medieval kings of Europe valued these stones for rings and brooches believing that it protected them from harm and envy.
One of the most famous Sapphires rests on the Imperial State Crown, worn by Queen Victoria in 1838. It resides in the British Crown Jewels in the Tower of London. This gem is called the St. Edward’s Sapphire because it once belonged to Edward the Confessor, who wore the stone on a ring during his coronation in 1042. The “Lone Star” is the largest blue Sapphire in the world, originating in a mine in North Carolina weighing 9719.5 carats.
Sapphire, with its stunning blue shades, is a symbol heaven and considered to indicate the purity of the soul. This gemstone signifies truth, faithfulness and sincerity. Sapphire is thought to boost intuition and clairvoyance and promote good health. Incorporated in royal ornaments, it symbolized a pure and wise reign. This gemstone gives a sense of inner peace and develops a positive attitude in the wearer. Sapphire is exceptional for calming and focusing the mind, allowing the release of mental tension and unwanted thoughts. It encourages opening the mind to beauty and intuition, bringing lightness and joy as it restores balance within the body. Blue Sapphire is beneficial to the thyroid, swollen glands and in treating problems related to speech and communication.